¿To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit?
- 5 minutos de lectura
To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit?
Overall, reflecting what "is" the European Union can come to our head two main premises: the
same currency and ease of movement between countries of its members.
Although it is a good read, these concepts are only the result of a process that can not be defined
with sufficient certainty in the public imagination. What was initially planned as an economic
integration of few countries located on the mainland, it has resulted in different parallel processes
where both the concepts and the actors involved, have diversified to the point that we are in the
middle of a general uncertainty.
In this regard, I believe that the European Union has no "problems" in its literal definition, but is
the focus of multiple processes because of their complexity generate a general confusion when
trying to define and address them. That is why, from the readings, I believe that the main
questions after reading the text are two:
a. Blur (or clarity in the definition) of what the European Union
b. Lack of understanding in the functioning of policies and decision-making-making and its
relationship to the European citizen
Addressing the first issue, the author says that 15 years ago "citizens used to trust used to trust
their governments to represent their interest in brussels". At that time the European Union was
specifically counted the economic integration of countries represented in the unification of the
currency. There was a clarity about what was the union and the universe was determined (each
with social, economic and fairly similar policies).
Over the years, a progressive expansion of countries began to be part of this union (which
eventually generated resistance among the original countries of the union and, I presume, the
anti-European generation of a feeling) occurs . These countries (geographically located on the
same continent) start diversify the characteristics of the countries comprising the EU, which
should be made more flexible because unlike the original members, the new countries have
differences (notable not only but deep) in the different dimensions that make up its internal
Economic decisions begin to have an influence on the social and political fields of the countries
(both original and new) that make up the European Union. Consequence of this phenomenon and
the growing number of actors involved (increasingly less commonalities ), the EU begins to be
more than the simple unification of markets and currency to become the epicenter of different
At this point, in the minds of ordinary citizens (both belonging and not belonging to the union) is
still referring to the EU and economic integration, and with that same perspective are addressed
new subcategories generated over time: ie , observe social and political consequences from the
economic perspective and not as independent variables.
It is for this reason that I believe that there is no unified definition of what is the European Union,
and this lack of definition makes when referring to it, as researchers or ordinary people, we can
not understand it in all its dimensions and give a concrete answer.
A lack of general consensus, is added a second situation that delves more the levels of confusion
when referring to the EU is not sufficiently disseminated or socialized the way it develops its
policy-making and decision-making and how they relate to traditional citizens.
Functioning as a supra government, the development of the activities of the EU is based on the
search for actions and decisions that favor the union. And this is where the first dichotomy is
presented; premium the benefit of the union as the dependent variable and the countries that
compose it as an independent variable, or in other words. Another way of putting it might be the
question of whether we are national citizens (of a country) or are (European) continental citizens
when choosing those who represent us in local government and in the supra government.
Additionally, this question lies intentions when developing the policy-making on a single theme
in common (economic) that has implications in other fields mentioned.
Equally at the time when the decision-making produced the same conflict to reflect on how a
supranational decision has consequences on national affairs is generated. Due to the
diversification of the characteristics of the member countries and the different economic, social
Why it was proposed subsequently standardize the minimum requirements for entry into the European
Union; among these features one of the most important but ambiguous: democracy.
and political levels, ownership of specific decisions in different contexts can generate resistance,
unenforceability or inefficiency.
Moreover, to observe only the economic dimensions of both processes are neglected social and
political consequences of these economic decisions entail. Additionally, these processes is far
from reality (because of its general character) and therefore outside national and local realities of
citizens. Hence they do not find him the meaning or interest to know how to generate them as
internal EU processes work.
The operation of the EU became a series of complex processes that instead of being common
knowledge and common understanding and national legislation for citizens a few years ago, have
opened academic programs (like this module) to approach to understand how both processes
developed in the EU.
In brief, the main questions after reading the text are we do not know what the European Union
and do not know how it works; while we do not know is how it relates to the life of European
Because it is off the table proposing a change of functioning of the European Union, proposals to
reduce the levels of uncertainty would be:
•The general definition of the European Union involves not only the economic dimension but
also consider their social and political dimensions.
•Moving from the logic of disseminating information to the communication of key ideas that
give reasons, mechanisms and consequences of processes in the union.
Torres Roa Julián. (2016, Marzo 11). ¿To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit?. Recuperado de https://www.gestiopolis.com/to-what-extent-is-it-possible-to-fix-the-eu-democratic-deficit/
Torres Roa, Julián. "¿To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit?". GestioPolis. 11 Marzo 2016. Web. <https://www.gestiopolis.com/to-what-extent-is-it-possible-to-fix-the-eu-democratic-deficit/>.
Torres Roa, Julián. "¿To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit?". GestioPolis. Marzo 11, 2016. Consultado el 29 de Marzo de 2017. https://www.gestiopolis.com/to-what-extent-is-it-possible-to-fix-the-eu-democratic-deficit/.
Torres Roa, Julián. ¿To what extent is it possible to fix the EU democratic deficit? [en línea]. <https://www.gestiopolis.com/to-what-extent-is-it-possible-to-fix-the-eu-democratic-deficit/> [Citado el 29 de Marzo de 2017].
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